A Brief Introduction to Minimally Invasive Surgery
Minimally invasive surgery is the operation of minor trauma, refers to the use of laparoscopic, thoracoscopic and other modern instruments and equipment for surgery. Compared with traditional surgery, minimally invasive surgery has less trauma, less pain and faster recovery. But not all diseases are suitable for minimally invasive surgery.
The concept of minimally invasive surgery
“minimally invasive surgery (MIS)” , The new name was inspired by the creation of laparoscopic surgery.Although Payne, the earliest introduction of "minimally invasive surgery" minimally invasive operation "or" the concept of "minimally invasive technology" in 1985, but until 1986 the German surgeon Muhe completed the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the world, and the “minimally invasive surgery (MIS)” first appeared in 1987 the French doctors p. Mouret in the successful completion of the world's first TV after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
The development of minimally invasive surgery
The development of minimally invasive surgery has experienced a history of nearly 100 years, from the initial diagnosis of diseases, to the present one involving almost all the professional technology; It itself is not a specialty, but a surgical way of thinking and philosophy. Minimally invasive surgery uses sophisticated imaging systems and miniature instruments to minimize the trauma of traditional operations.
Minimally invasive surgery begins with an initial "primitive laparoscope" lit by a candle to observe the liver and other organs inside the abdominal cavity. After the emergence of the camera system connected with the mirror in the 1980s, laparoscopic surgery, brain microsurgery, ophthalmic microsurgery and other rapid development. Subsequently, a large number of advanced surgical instruments emerged, which further promoted the development of minimally invasive surgery.
"Minimally invasive" star - laparoscope
Of all the minimally invasive techniques, the most widely known is laparoscopic surgery. In surgery, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a star among the shining stars of modern medical technology. It came out from the late eightys caught on around the world in a very short time, has become a banner of modern minimally invasive surgery and more than 95% of the "gold standard" of gallbladder excision (the best way of surgery). because of its small trauma, light pain, quick recovery and low cost, minimally invasive has been widely accepted and applied.
"Minimally invasive" -- the future trend of surgery
The concept of minimally invasive surgery is increasingly recognized and valued by the majority of doctors and patients. With the progress of human beings and the development of science, minimally invasive surgery will have a better prospect in the future and will certainly become the general trend of the development of surgery in the future.